What Is THC

When people think of marijuana, they often first think of the “high” that is associated with it. This is not completely unfair; marijuana can be an intoxicant, offering feelings of euphoria or making someone feel drowsy. The chemical component that is most responsible for the feeling is Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.

This compound works, in part, by mimicking the effects of anandamide and 2-AG in the human body. These are two neurotransmitters that are produced naturally by the body and help to regulate sleeping and eating habits, the perception of pain, and countless other bodily functions.These neurotransmitters represent another function of the endocannabinoid system, which may play a larger role in human health then medical professionals previously thought. As the medicinal cannabis industry evolves, more time and study is being devoted to this vital part of the body.

THC can be consumed in a number of ways, primarily through inhalation and through ingestion orally. This allows the industry to create medicinals for vape pens, edibles, and oils, as well as buds of the marijuana plant for smoking.

The benefits of THC include:

  • Relaxation
  • Altered senses of sight, smell, and hearing
  • Hunger
  • Reduced aggression

As such THC is often used to help in the treatment of cancer, HIV/AIDS, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain, digestive pain and disorders, and inflammation. THC may also be a powerful tool in the treatment of several psychiatric conditions such as anxiety and hyperactive disorders.

Thanks to the advances in medical science and the continued research into the medical marijuana field, the benefits of THC continue to be discovered. To stay on top of the latest in the science and the law behind medical cannabis in Missouri, stay tuned to Robust Medicinals. You can follow us on Facebook or subscribe to our newsletter.

What Is CBD

CBD is a naturally occurring compound located within the cannabis plant. Along with THC, CBD is one of many compounds, known as cannabinoids, found within the cannabis plant. While there are dozens of other cannabinoids, such as THCV, CBG, and CBC; THC and CBD make up the majority of the medicinal properties found in marijuana. Much of the scientific study on the plant relates to these two chemical components.

What Is CBD

The primary differentiator of CBD is that it does not produce the “high” effect, typically associated with marijuana products. As a naturally occurring compound in the plant, CBD can be consumed a number of ways including inhalation and oral consumption. Science has found a way to isolate this compound, however, and one of the most popular CBD treatments comes from CBD oil.

The effects of CBD oil are completely therapeutic in nature, since CBD provides absolutely no intoxicating or psychotropic effects on the body or mind. There have been tens of thousands of published scientific studies on health benefits of CBD, which interacts on the cellular level with the body through the human body’s endocannabinoid system. This is a system that helps to regulate things like inflammation, sleep, pain, and stress response to name a few. Studies have shown that CBD works by interacting with endocannabinoid receptors and could have a therapeutic benefit to the following symptoms and illnesses.

  • Pain (neuropathic, chronic, cancer-related, etc.)
  • Epilepsy
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Inflammation
  • Acne
  • Dyskinesia
  • Psoriasis
  • Broken Bones
  • Depression
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Diabetes
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • ADHD
  • Schizophrenia
  • Substance Abuse/Withdrawal
  • Heart Disease
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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Understanding The Difference Between Marijuana Varieties

As Missouri begins the process to legalize medical cannabis, Missourians will want to learn more about the plant and its varieties. While it is often portrayed as a singular plant, marijuana taxonomy is varied. In fact, despite thousands of years of cultivation by mankind, marijuana science is still working to classify the plant into a fully accepted taxonomy. Is the marijuana plant a single species with many variations? Or, are these plants several distinct but closely related subspecies? As the laws and restrictions surrounding the plant are loosened, botanists and medical scientists have more autonomy to study the plant’s genetics to better classify it.

The scientific community has generally accepted three main varieties of the cannabis plant: Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa, and Cannabis Ruderalis. Each have their own unique medicinal properties and uses.

Understanding Medical Marijuana Varieties

The cannabis plant is an annual flowering herb, with varieties that can range in height and size. It is predominantly dioecious, which means that the plant has unique male and female individual organisms. It is the female portion of the plant that produces the flower that most would associate with marijuana; although various parts of the plant have other uses such as textiles, food stuffs, and biofuels.

Cannabis Indica

Initially cultivated in South Asia, the indica strain of the cannabis plant is known for its broad leaves and thick, bushy growth. The flowers of the indica plant often mirror the plant itself, wide and bulky with very dense buds. The indica strains are very hardy, well suited to some of the harsh growing conditions of South Asia.

The marijuana and related products that are cultivated from the indica strains often carry a high THC content, creating potentially potent benefits with a range of advantages for patients. These varieties are known to provide very effective pain relief as well as an excellent sleep aid. Indica strains also act to stimulate appetite.

Given the high THC content, this plant often produces an all over high, often called a body buzz. Indica strains are often relaxing and calming.

Cannabis Sativa

Sativa is a varatial that grows tall plants with long and slender leaves. The flowering buds on these plants tends to be long and cylindrical. The sativa plants originate from the equatorial regions on the planet, where the growing season is hotter.

Known as a “daytime” medicinal, this varatial has often been referred to as energetic and euphoric. Sativa products lack the sedative effects often associated with indica strains, and instead offer uplifting stimulation for its users. These strains offer relief for headaches and nausea, as well as eye pressure and anxiety.

Cannabis Ruderalis

The ruderalis strain is another form of cannabis that originated in Eastern Europe and parts of Russia, so it is far more acclimated to colder climates. As the smallest strain of the cannabis species, ruderalis has not been used in commercial settings on its own very regularly. Instead it is typically cross bred with Sativa strains to create plants that are more hardy and flower more quickly.

Cannabis Hybrids

More often than not, cannabis plants are cross bred to create new strains that incorporate many of the beneficial qualities of each strain. These hybrids are bred to be more insect resistant and offer higher yields as well as greater medicinal properties. Marijuana is a complex plant with endless possible strain combinations, and as the industry evolves, so will advances in cannabis medicinals.

For the latest in the science and legal changes to medical marijuana in Missouri, stay tuned to the Robust Medicinals website.